Mountains soar all the way from the roots of the Earth up to the heavens. They inspire awe with their majestic height and their rocky girth. The can be lush, verdant and teeming with life and they can be brutal, cold, desolate and covered in snow. Either way they are truly magnificent and people flock to them. They have been cool, pleasant havens for city dwellers when the thermometer rises in the summer. They have been snow-covered playgrounds for ski and outdoor enthusiasts in the winter. The have been far-flung objects of mystery and exploration. Intrepid hikers have climbed so high that the oxygen in the air isn’t enough to sustain life. In this article we will keep what makes mountains special in mind as we look at the 10 Larges mountains on Earth.
10. Mount Elbrus, Karachay–Cherkessia, Russia
Located near the border of Georgia, Mount Elbrus is a dormant volcano. It is the highest mountain in Europe and the tenth highest in the world. It has two distinct summits which are both volcanic domes. The taller west summit is 5,642 meters (18,510 feet) and the east summit is 5,621 meters (18,442 feet). It has several well-known routes for climbing and is a popular mountain among mountaineers.
9. Puncak Jaya, Indonesia
Located in the West Papau region of Indonesia, Puncak Jaya is the highest summit of Mount Jayawijaya (aka Mount Carstensz). It has an elevation of 4,884 meters (16,024 feet). It has the distinction of being the highest point between the Himalayas and the Andes and the highest island peak in the world. It is known to be a demanding climb, not because of its elevation but because of the technical difficulties of the climb and it requires a special permit to climb.
8. Vinson Massif, Sentinel Range of the Ellsworth Mountains, Antarctica
Located in the Sentinel Range of the Ellsworth Mountains near the Ronne Ice Shelf, Vinson Massif is the highest summit in Antarctica. It has an elevation of 4,892 meters (16,050 feet). There have been a number of climbing expeditions to Vinson Massif over the years with increasing interest in recent years. It is not a particularly difficult climb from a technical standpoint but the challenges of travel in the Antarctic make it an expensive and somewhat problematic climb to plan.
7. Pico De Orizaba, Orizaba, Border of Veracruz and Puebla, Mexico
Located on the border of the states of Veracruz and Puebla in Mexico, Pico De Orizaba is the highest summit in Mexico and the third highest in North America. It has an elevation of 5,636 meters and (18,491 feet). It is a very popular destination for climbers from around the world, mostly in the months between October and March. It has several approaches that range in technical difficulty.
6. Mount Logan, Southwestern Yukon, Canada
Located in the Kluane National Park Reserve in southwestern Yukon, Canada, Mount Logan is believed to have the largest base circumference of any non-volcanic mountain on Earth. It is also the second-highest peak in North America. It has an elevation 5,959 meters (19,551 feet). It is considered a highly technical climb that involves roped glacier travel and requires that climbers become acclimated gradual to the elevation. The lower sections of the climb are gentle.
5. Pico Cristóbal Colón, Magdalena Department, Columbia
Located in Magdalena Department in Columbia, Pico Cristóbal Colón is the highest mountain in Columbia. It is also the fifth most prominent peak in the world. It has an elevation of 5,700 meters (18,700 feet). It has a permanent snowcap and is considered an extremely challenging climb. It has also been closed to climbers at times and can be difficult to get to due political unrest and fighting between the government and FARC rebels. It is hoped that the 2016 Peace Columbian Peace Accords will open up mountaineering opportunities again.
4. Mount Kilimanjaro, Kilimanjaro National Park, Tanzania
Located in Kilimanjaro National Park, Tanzania, Mount Kilimanjaro is the tallest mountain in Africa. It has three distinct volcanic cones, two of which are extinct and one which is dormant and could erupt again. It is the subject of environmental impact studies due to shrinking glaciers. The mountain has an elevation of 5,895 meters (19,341 feet). Kilimanjaro National Park and the mountain are extremely popular with tourists from around the world. It is a challenging climb and there have been incidents of people dying from acute mountain sickness due to the high altitude.
3. Mount Denali (Formerly Mount McKinley), Denali National Park and Preserve, Alaska
Located in Denali National Park and Preserve in Alaska, Mount Denali is the highest peak in North American and the tallest land-based mountain on Earth. It is also the third most isolated peak in the world. The mountain has an elevation of 6,190 meters (20,310 feet). The mountain has been regularly climbed over a long period of time and remains popular with mountaineers today. Nevertheless, it is a challenging climb that has claimed the lives of some on hundred people.
2. Aconcagua, Mendoza Province, Argentina
Located in the Mendoza Province in Argentina, Aconcagua is the highest peak in the southern hemisphere and the second highest peak in the world. It is a part of the Andes mountain range. The mountain has an elevation of 6,960 meters (22,837 feet). While it is often considered a comparatively easy high-altitude climb, Aconcagua is a dangerous peak to tackle. It has been given the nickname of “Mountain of Death” and around three people a year perish on it.
1. Mount Everest, Mahalangur Section of the Himalayas
Located in the Mahalangur section of the Himalayas, with the international boarder of China and Nepal running across the summit point, Mount Everest is the tallest mountain and the highest peak in the world. The summit of Everest is the highest point above sea level on Earth. Everest has an elevation of 8,848 meters (29,029 feet). It has been climbed by many dedicated mountaineers and it is the most prestigious climb that a mountaineer can place on their resume. It is also the most deadly. Some three hundred people have died on Everest and, in many cases, their bodies remain on the mountain.